Middle East

Cairo Declaration on the Human Rights in Islam (CDHRI)

Cairo, Egypt
57 Signatories
The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (CDHRI) is a declaration of the member states of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference adopted in Cairo in 1990, which provides an overview on the Islamic perspective on human rights, and affirms Islamic Shari'ah as its sole source. CDHRI declares its purpose to be "general guidance for Member States [of the OIC] in the Field of human rights". This declaration is usually seen as an Islamic response to the post-World War II United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948.

Arab Charter on Human Rights

1994 (new version in 2004), in force since 2008
Tunis, Tunisia
10 Signatories
The Arab Charter on Human Rights was adopted by the Council of the League of Arab States and addresses the right to liberty and security of persons, equality of persons before the law, protection of persons from torture, the right to own private property, freedom to practice religious observance and freedom of peaceful assembly and association. In response to the Charter coming into force in 2008, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Louise Arbour, has stressed that the Charter is incompatible with international standards for women's, children’s and non-citizens’ rights, and in that it continues to equate Zionism with racism.