The ICERD aims to eliminate discrimination in the enjoyment of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights and to provide effective remedies against any acts of racial discrimination through national tribunals and State institutions.
The ICESCR commits its parties to work toward the granting of economic, social, and cultural rights (ESCR) to individuals, including labour rights and the right to health, the right to education, and the right to an adequate standard of living.
The ICCPR addresses the State’s traditional responsibilities for administering justice and maintaining the rule of law. Many of the provisions in the Covenant address the relationship between the individual and the State.
Despite the existence of international instruments which affirm the rights of women within the framework of all human rights, a separate treaty, CEDAW, was considered necessary to combat the continuing evident discrimination against women in all parts of the world; specifically with regard to participation in public life, marriage, family life and sexual exploitation.
The CAT requires States parties to take preventive action against torture such as the criminalization of acts of torture and the establishment of laws and regulations to promote respect for human rights among its public servants for both the alleged victim and the accused.
The CRC is a human rights treaty setting out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. The Convention generally defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen, unless an earlier age of majority is recognized by a country's law.
The MWC constitutes a comprehensive international treaty regarding the protection of migrant workers’ rights. The Convention does not create new rights for migrants but aims at guaranteeing equality of treatment, and the same working conditions for migrants and nationals.
The Declaration aims both to preserve cultural diversity as a living treasure and as a process guaranteeing the survival of humanity; and to prevent segregation and fundamentalism in the name of cultural differences.
The CRPD is intended to protect the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities. Parties to the Convention are required to promote, protect, and ensure the full enjoyment of human rights by persons with disabilities and ensure that they enjoy full equality under the law.