The Declaration sets out the individual and collective rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as their rights to culture, identity, language, employment, health, education and other issues. It also "emphasizes the rights of indigenous peoples to maintain and strengthen their own institutions, cultures and traditions, and to pursue their development in keeping with their own needs and aspirations.
The proposed Declaration includes a condemnation of violence, harassment, discrimination, exclusion, stigmatization, and prejudice based on sexual orientation and gender identity that undermine integrity and dignity.
The Convention defines who is a refugee, and sets out the rights of individuals who are granted asylum and the responsibilities of nations that grant asylum. In 1967, a Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees removed both the temporal and geographic restrictions.